PERIODONTAL (GUM) SURGERY

WHAT IS PERIODONTAL SURGERY?

Periodontal surgery is a specialty that diagnoses and treats conditions affecting the gums and the surrounding soft tissues.

WHAT PROBLEMS AFFECT GUMS AND SOFT TISSUES?

The most common issues that affects the gums are

  • Gingivitis - Gingivitis is a common and mild form of gum disease that causes irritation, redness and swelling (inflammation) of the gums

  • Periodontitis - Periodontitis is a serious form of gum disease triggered by bacterial microorganisms causing bone loss, mobility of teeth and eventually loss of teeth.

 

WHAT HAPPENS WHEN THERE IS GINGIVITIS, PERIODONTITIS?

One may experience following when there is gingivitis, periodontitis

  • Bleeding from the gums, which may be provoked by tooth-brushing or eating, or may even be spontaneous.

  • Bad breath.

  • Swollen or puffy gums.

  • Yellowing of teeth

  • Changes in the positioning of the teeth in the jaws.

  • Mobile teeth

 

WHAT TREATMENTS ARE NEEDED FOR GUMS?

For improving the condition of gums and surrounding parts of teeth the treatments needed are

  • Scaling (Teeth Cleaning)

  • Flap Surgery and Bone Grafting

  • Splinting

SCALING (TEETH CLEANING)

Scaling (teeth cleaning) is a common dental procedure for patients with gum disease. This is a type of dental cleaning that reaches below the gumline to remove plaque buildup. With regular dental scaling and proper brushing gingivitis is prevented from progressing to periodontitis.

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FLAP SURGERY AND BONE GRAFTING

When non-surgical methods are not enough to address the effects of gum disease, gum flap surgery can restore the health of your smile. Flap surgery is method for treating and repairing periodontal pockets. They are areas below the gum line where gum tissue has detached from the teeth, resulting in an uncleansable space where harmful bacteria can proliferate.  This treatment can remove built-up plaque and tartar around the roots and restore the health of gum tissue. If periodontitis has caused bone loss, doctor can perform a bone grafting procedure as part of your treatment.

If significant bone loss has occurred, a bone graft procedure may be performed at the same time.

PERIODONTAL SPLINTING

Periodontal splinting is a form of treatment in which mobile teeth carefully splinted (held) together therefore reducing/eliminating mobility.  By splinting the mobile teeth, the adjacent teeth are used for anchorage creating one solid unit and reducing/eliminated any mobility. 

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